Silk is woven from mulberry silk fibers, and the main component of mulberry silk is protein, which is not resistant to acid nor alkali, and acid and alkali will corrode it. And mulberry silk products because of the natural origin, the price is relatively high, so when washing must use special detergent for silk.
What is the difference between silk detergent and ordinary detergent?
The main difference between silk detergents and regular detergents is the pH value. Regular detergents have a higher pH, which removes the natural proteins of silk and causes it to break down over time. Silk detergents have a neutral pH, which is gentle on delicate silk, velvet and your skin.
How to choose the best silk detergent?
1.Check the ingredients of the formula
Natural ingredients and plant-based health are words that have long been used as criteria for selecting various products as people's living standards have improved. As a special laundry detergent for silk, the ingredients are the most important in choosing a product.
2.Check the fluorescent agent content
When testing any item, once fluorescents are mentioned, people will avoid them. So what exactly is a fluorescent agent? First of all, fluorescent agent is a color conditioning agent, with bright white and colorful role, the main principle is to absorb the invisible ultraviolet light in the light, and emit visible blue light, and the yellow light emitted by the fabric after superposition, complementary formation of white light, so that the fabric emitted white light increased, so that the naked eye can feel the white fabric more bright white. Secondly, the results of the toxicological study of fluorescent agent CBS (also called FWA-5) in the test report ‘Risk Assessment of the Effects of Household Detergent Components on Humans and the Environment - Fluorescent Brightener FWA-5’ by the European Union Detergent Association (A.I.S.E.) show that fluorescent agent CBS has no photocarcinogenic reaction. Despite this, you should also be aware of the fluorescent agent content in silk detergents.
Silk, wool material can be said to be a noble fabric, comfortable, light, soft, smooth, flexible and elastic, known as the closest fiber to the soul on earth. So such silk clothing or silk-filled quilt is even more delicate, usually we hand-wash must choose a special neutral silk detergent, there is no temporary shampoo instead, do not never use ordinary alkaline laundry detergent, laundry detergent. Because silk, wool is rich in natural protein organic fibers, they are not resistant to acid, alkali. Otherwise, it is easy to cause clothing shrinkage, fading, damage to the inner fibers.
4.Low foam rinse test
In the public consciousness, "the more foam, the stronger the detergency", but in fact, this is wrong, not only foam more to wash clothes, but more foam means more added foaming agent, not only is not easy to rinse will also cause dry hands skin. The biggest advantage of low-foam silk laundry detergent is that it is easy to rinse, save water, electricity and time, and no detergent residue after washing, which is safe for humans.
Notes for washing real silk
We have described how to clean silk blankets. Now we will add to that some things for you to keep in mind.
1. Cannot be washed often
The surface of silk is protected by layers of silk glue, silk pigments and other substances, which will be destroyed if immersed in water for a long time, so silk can not always be washed. However, if you accidentally get stains on your clothes, don't leave it for a long time before washing, or the stain will be difficult to get rid of.
2. Choice of water
Washing silk is best to use soft water, when boiling water you can observe the inside of the container whether there are white crystals, no general is soft water. Water temperature can not be too high, or easy to destroy the silk fibers, generally cold water is fine, the maximum temperature should not exceed 40 degrees.
Since silk is not resistant to acids and alkalis, it is best to use a neutral detergent when washing silk, or a slightly alkaline detergent, or you can use a special detergent for silk. Do not use soap to wash, because soap contains calcium, magnesium and other substances, easily attached to the fiber, the formation of unsightly gray spots.
4. Washing method
When washing silk clothing, should be hand-washed, machine washing is easy to deformation, but also damage the clothing. When washing by hand, you should not rub too hard, the force is too large, easy to make silk fibers in the friction, stretching and twisting force, resulting in damage or deformation, so that the clothes can not be flat, and not beautiful to wear. So should be gently rubbed and washed, do not rub or wring.
When rinsing, you can add a small amount of vinegar to the water and soak it for 5~10 minutes. Although silk is not resistant to acid and alkali, a small amount of vinegar can play a protective role and can keep the luster of silk. Or put a little sugar, it can also play a protective role.
After washing clothes, can not wring dry, so as not to deform. High temperature will affect the strength of silk, tension, so when drying silk clothing, should be hung in the shade to air dry, not exposed to the sun, so as not to make the ultraviolet rays of the sun will make the silk fade, yellowing, etc..
When there is no need to wear silk clothes, wash them, then dry them and put them in the closet, do not put other clothes on top of them. Silk is susceptible to insects, so care should be taken to prevent insects. It is best to use natural spices to prevent insects, such as spiritual herbs, which not only repel insects, but also give the clothes a natural aromatic smell. Do not use chemical insect repellents, as chemical repellents also tend to make silk proteins yellow.
If you want to iron silk clothes, after the clothes are washed and dried to half dry, you can iron, but do not spray water when ironing, so as not to leave water stains, affecting the beauty.